Monday, May 23, 2016

Creative Minds in Dialogue: the Relationship between C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann

Creative Minds in Dialogue: the Relationship between C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann


This symposium, June 24-26, 2016 at Pacifica Institute in Santa Barbara, will feature internationally acclaimed speakers, including Riccardo Bernardini, Lionel Corbett, Nancy Furlotti, Ann Lammers, Lance Owens, Rina Porat, Susan Rowland, Erel Shalit, Evan Lansing Smith, Murray Stein and Steve Zemmelman.
The recent publication of the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann has brought renewed interest in both the creative relationship between Jung and Neumann, and Neumann’s contributions to Analytical Psychology. Months before his own death, Jung mourns Neumann as his “friend and companion on the way,” elsewhere saying that he only had two friends, Victor White and Erich Neumann.
The symposium will celebrate the unique contributions of Jung and Neumann, with original presentations. Murray Stein and Riccardo Bernardini from Eranos will be among the several prominent presenters, on topics ranging from creativity, art, Jung/Neumann and their impact on culture and the post-modern world, to anima and the great mother, and God, good and evil.


Conference Schedule
Friday, June 24, 2016

Registration/Refreshments
9:00am – 10:00am

Pre-Symposium Workshop
10:00am – Noon                     Freeing the Feminine: Exploring Creativity and Gender in the Shadow of the Great Mother with Neumann and Jung
o   Susan Rowland, Ph.D.
Noon – 1:30pm                       Luncheon
1:30pm – 4:00pm                    Gynetypes and the Goddess: Archetypal Images of the Divine Feminine
o   Evans Lansing Smith, Ph.D.
4:00pm – 5:00pm                    Break/Refreshments in Bookstore
5:00pm – 6:00pm                    Dinner

Symposium
6:00pm – 6:30pm                  
Opening
o   Steve Aizenstat, Ph.D., Pacifica Chancellor
o   Joe Cambray, Ph.D., Pacifica Provost
o   Erel Shalit, Ph.D., Conference Chair
6:30pm – 7:10pm      
Soulful Companions: A Profound and Honest Friendship
o   Nancy Swift Furlotti, Ph.D.
7:10 – 7:25PM                        Discussion with participants
7:25pm – 7:40pm                    Break

7:40 – 8:30pm                       
Jung and Neumann at Eranos: Psychologies, Myths, and Utopias of a Spiritual Earth
o   Riccardo Bernardini, Ph.D.
8:30pm – 8:45pm                   Discussion with participants
8:45 – 8:55pm                         Break
8:55 – 9:30pm
‘Eranos 1951’ – screening of film
o   Riccardo Bernardini, Ph.D.
9:30pm – 9:50pm                   Discussion with participants

9:50pm – 10:00pm                  Closing Remarks
***********************************************
Saturday, June 25, 2016
8:00am – 9:00am                    Breakfast
9:00am – 10:15am    
Jung and Neumann on Judaism and Religion – part I
o   Erel Shalit, Ph.D. – Jacob and Esau – from Jung’s discussion to Neumann’s book
o   Steve Zemmelman, Ph.D. - Inching Towards Wholeness: C.G. Jung and his Relationship to Judaism
10:15am – 10:30am   Discussion with participants
10:30am – 11:00am    Break

11:00am – 11:50am
Jung and Neumann on Judaism and Religion – part II
o   Ann Conrad Lammers, M.Div, Ph.D., LMFTThe risks of a direct encounter with God: A central Jungian problematic in Neumann’s The Roots of Jewish Consciousness.
11:50am – 12:15pm   Discussion with participants
12:15pm – 1:45pm                  Lunch
2:00pm – 3:30pm
The Feminine in Jung and Neumann
o   Rina Porat – The Psychology of the Feminine Archetype in C. G. Jung and E. Neumann
o   Lance Owens, M.D. – The Feminine in Jung and Neumann: Sophia and the Shekinah
3:30pm – 4:00pm                   Discussion with participants
4:00pm – 4:30pm                    Break
4:30pm – 5:45pm                   Book signing and reception
6:00pm – 7:10pm                    Dinner
7:15pm – 8:15pm                  
Jung and Neumann – Paintings from the Psyche
o   Nancy Swift Furlotti, Ph.D.
8:15pm – 8:50pm                   Discussion with participants
8:50pm – 9:00pm                   Concluding Remarks
***********************************************
Sunday, June 26, 2015
8:00am – 9:00am                    Breakfast
9:00am – 9:45am      
Erich Neumann on Psyche’s Creativity
o   Murray Stein, Ph.D. (By Skype)
o   Respondent: Joe Cambray, Ph.D.
9:45am – 10:00am                 Discussion with participants
10:00am – 10:15am                Break
10:15AM – 11:00AM
The cultural psyche – from the ancestors to the post-modern world
o   Erel Shalit, Ph.D.
11:00am – 11:15am   Discussion with participants
11:15AM – 12:00PM
God, Good and Evil - From a New Ethic to Answer to Job
o   Lionel Corbett, Ph.D.
12:00pm – 12:30pm   Discussion with participants
12:30pm – 2:00pm                  Lunch
2:00pm – 3:30pm
o   Late, last and forgotten thoughts – discussion with presenters and audience
o   Orienting remarks by Joe Cambray, Ph.D.

3:30pm – 4:00pm                   Concluding remarks
o   Chair Stephen Aizenstat, Ph.D.

5:30pm – 6:30pm                    Dinner


Further details and registration, click here.



Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Netanyahu exposed as the neo-fascist leader he is


For quite some time we know and have seen how Netanyahu’s extreme right-wing leanings have guided him through years of destructive leadership. But even opposition leader Itzhak Herzog was willing, perhaps for political as well as personal reasons, to give Netanyahu a last chance to turn the tide of history.
Herzog’s attempt to join the government was probably as naïve as it was desperate. And Netanyahu played a simple and clever political trick, now ending up with the feral Avigdor Lieberman as his Minister of Defense, nailing down what is the most extreme right-wing government in Israel’s history.



Netanyahu, who prior to the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin marched behind a symbolic coffin of the PM-to-be-murdered, and who carries the moral if not the criminal guilt of instigation, has now finally accomplished the political goal of a neo-fascist government –based on an authoritarian rather than a democratic state of mind, narrowly ultra-nationalistic and on the path to destroy the institutions that keep the vulnerable democratic balance of society intact. This includes the legal system, as well as the military, who, not surprisingly to most democratic-minded Israelis but perhaps surprisingly to outsiders, is a bastion of broadminded, ethical and civilized leadership.

Much of Israeli society is surprisingly healthy. But pathology is nearly always stronger than health. And so, particularly under the extremist leadership of the master-trickster Netanyahu, the extremist groups among the most fanatical settlers, have received an informal position of instrumental leadership, due to the consent of the political leadership. Those are the state-threatening extremists that the Deputy Chief of the General Staff bravely spoke about on Holocaust Remembrance Day. And it is NOT this brave soldier’s pointing the finger at the problem that serves Israel’s enemies, but the horrors of those extremists that Netanyahu is unwilling to reign in.

General Yair Golan

Rather than reigning in the extremists, such as the so-called hilltop youth, the neo-fascist government of Netanyahu wants to reign in the voices of sanity.

hilltop youth

But there are many voices of sanity in Israel. Even though Herzog has grossly failed as leader of opposition, many of his thoughts are right. Thus, for instance, the Palestinian have several times rejected the possibility of statehood, a state in peace with and alongside Israel, falling victim to their own desire of ethnic cleansing of the Jewish population and replacing Israel with an Arab state. Thus new ideas and solutions, including disengagement from civilian occupation, must be raised.

This is the hour where the voice of sanity must be raised not only by the general public, not merely by the opposition (even in its hour of crisis), but even by those who have kept their sanity and democratic state of mind within the coalition. Right-wing Likud MK Benny Begin has already done so, calling the idea to appoint Lieberman Minister of Defense ‘bizarre.’ The time has come for deposed Minister of Defense Ya’alon, as well as the center-right party Kulanu to leave the coalition, and expose the neo-fascist right-wing under Netanyahu’s leadership for what it is – destructive in every way to Israel as a civilized, peace-seeking democracy.

the many voices of sanity



Two of my books relate particularly to the psycho-politics of Israel, The Hero and His Shadow, and aspects of the Israeli experience, Requiem: A Tale of Exile and Return (also in Hebrew). All of my books (including in Hebrew) can be purchased at Amazon, where you also find brief reviews of several of the books. Any interest in my books is a welcome gift to me, and hopefully, a contribution to the reader as well.




Tuesday, May 17, 2016

Jacob and Esau - now in French translation





En 1934, Erich Neumann quitte l'Allemagne nazie pour la Palestine. C'est alors qu'il élabore, en correspondance avec C. G. Jung dont il est un fervent disciple, et en marge d'une longue méditation sur le hassidisme, ce texte fondamental sur Jacob et Esaü. A partir de Bereshit (Genèse) et des midrasch, les jumeaux ennemis sont décrits comme un couple d'opposés. L'un, Jacob, introverti et lunaire, représente le monde intérieur et sacré ; l'autre, Esaü, extraverti et solaire, le monde extérieur et profane, celui de la puissance. L'un, Jacob, représente le peuple juif, et même la " quintessence du juif ", l'autre, Esaü, le domaine des nations. Cependant, chacun constitue l'ombre de l'autre, son bouc émissaire mais aussi son complémentaire, et leur réconciliation porte la promesse d'une totalité recouvrée. A travers deux grandes figures bibliques, Erich Neumann montre ainsi que la psychologie analytique - à la différence de la psychanalyse, et grâce au concept d'inconscient collectif - permet de comprendre de façon non réductrice la culture et la religion d'un peuple. Cet ouvrage doit être considéré comme une incitation remarquable à la redécouverte du judaïsme.





Friday, May 13, 2016

Intermezzo

During the Jung Neumann Conference April 24-26, 2015, we had an opportunity to hear the Kibbutz Choir perform. Thanks to Hugh Milstein, here is a brief clip from their performance.

video

For those of you who have the opportunity, I will be chairing a Jung Neumann symposium which will be held, June 24-26, 2016, at Pacifica;

Creative Minds in Dialogue: the Relationship between C. G. Jung and Erich Neumann
The symposium will feature internationally acclaimed speakers, including Riccardo Bernardini, Lionel Corbett, Nancy Furlotti, Ann Lammers, Lance Owens, Rina Porat, Susan Rowland, Erel Shalit, Evan Lansing Smith, Murray Stein and Steve Zemmelman.

The recent publication of the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann has brought renewed interest in both the creative relationship between Jung and Neumann, and Neumann’s contributions to Analytical Psychology. Months before his own death, Jung mourns Neumann as his “friend and companion on the way,” elsewhere saying that he only had two friends, Victor White and Erich Neumann.

The symposium will celebrate the unique contributions of Jung and Neumann, with original presentations. Murray Stein and Riccardo Bernardini from Eranos will be among the several prominent presenters, on topics ranging from creativity, art, Jung/Neumann and their impact on culture and the post-modern world, to anima and the great mother, and God, good and evil.
The presenters will also lead discussions, with the participation of the attendees.

For further details, please click here

Newly released: Erich Neumann, Jacob and Esau: On the collective symbolism of the brother motif, available at Amazon.



Forthcoming: Turbulent Times, Creative Minds: The relationship between Erich Neumann and C.G. Jung (eds. Erel Shalit and Murray Stein).


Friday, April 1, 2016

The Cycle of Life - David van Nuys interviews Erel Shalit - transcription

You can now listen to David van Nuys from Shrink Rap Radio interviewing Erel Shalit about

The Cycle of Life

You find the audio interview on the Shrink Rap Radio website.

A transcription of the interview has now also been uploaded, here.


Painting by Benjamin Shiff


A Magnificent Book for All Interested in the Journey of Life

by Lori Goldrich, Ph.D., Jungian Analyst and Clinical Psychologist


It is with great pleasure that I review Erel Shalit’s marvelous book. To begin, I feel so moved by the synchronous events that led to his finding of the book’s cover, or “face.” Benjamin Shiff’s painting “Life” and the meaning he gives for this marriage of book and painting are quite exquisite. “The candle’s soft light of life is poised against the painful inevitability of burning out. Yet, as long as they burn, there are shades and colors; there are the distinct faces of transient existence, and there are those of obscurity, hidden in distant nature; there is a lyrical melancholy, as well as a tense harmony…Only an unlit candle will never burn out. A fully lived life extracts the awareness of its finality.” These words are like pearls for the journey he takes us on in The Cycle of Life.


I also appreciate the ground he creates by discussing fate and destiny as a “primary tenet,” or underpinning of his book. When we let the tides of our fate and our destiny flow together into a union of opposites, meaning can be found. What begins as our fate can so often become a part of our destiny, which he so aptly discusses in his book. I have found this to be an important foundational principle, both personally and in my analytic work with patients. “On our journey through life, an incessant tension prevails between predetermined fate and free will, between archetypal patterns as opposed to individual distinctiveness.” So well stated!

Erel Shalit truly succeeds in describing the different stages of life in a way that keeps the reader interested and engaged. The weaving of psychological and theoretical perspectives from Freud to Klein to Winnicott to Neumann to Jung, and others, along with the wisdom from various disciplines including philosophy, literature, religion, and myth, is presented in such a way that both clinician and layperson can deepen in experience and knowledge. I especially appreciate his discussion of how the focus on archetypal images and experience can release the energy that lives in the deeper stratas of the psyche to assist in the transformation of psyche, body and spirit.

I also want to share a personal delight while reading Erel’s book. I always enjoy exploring the precise meaning of Hebrew words, and I so enjoyed his inclusion of this for select words and names. It “makes the connection between word and image comparatively close.” It is also reflective of the depth of attention he brings to his writing.


Erel Shalit has written a truly magnificent piece of work. It is a book for all those interested in the Journey. At the beginning of his book, he offers us the image of the “river” and writes from Plato, “While the river preserves its identity, it is incessantly moving and changing, simultaneously being and becoming.” As I read his book, I can truly experience the being and becoming on the journey of life.

'Life' by Benjamin Schiff

Saturday, January 30, 2016

Erich Neumann: Jacob and Esau - Now available!

Jacob returns to the Holy Land after 20 years in Haran. He sends angel-emissaries to Esau in hope of a reconciliation, but his messengers report that his brother is ready for war, with 400 armed men. Jacob prepares for war, prays, and sends Esau a large gift to appease him.

That night, the family of Jacob crosses the Jabbok River, while he remains behind and encounters the angel that embodies the spirit of Esau, with whom he wrestles until daybreak. Jacob suffers but vanquishes the supernal creature, who bestows on him the name Israel, “he who prevails over the divine.”

The Biblical account seems then to condense time, possibly indicating the significance of the proximity between the struggle with the angel and the meeting with Esau. Upon lifting his eyes, it says, Jacob saw in front of him Esau and his men, and bowed to his brother. Esau embraced him, and the two brothers kissed and wept in each other’s arms. Having found grace in his brother’s eyes, Jacob insisted on giving Esau his gifts, for “I have seen your face, as though I had seen the face of God.” 
Based on this verse, Neumann elaborates on God and Esau, shadow and Self. In fact, this is the peak of his psychological study of the hostile brothers within the human soul, and forms the basis of his new ethic.

Silhouette by Meir Gur-Arieh. 
Copyright Meira Gur-Arieh Kein
In 1934, Erich Neumann, considered by many to have been Carl Gustav Jung's foremost disciple, sent Jung a handwritten note: "I will pursue your suggestion of elaborating on the 'Symbolic Contributions' to the Jacob-Esau problem . . . The great difficulty is the rather depressing impossibility of a publication." Now, eighty years later, in Jacob and Esau: On the Collective Symbolism of the Brother Motif, his important work is finally published.

In this newly discovered manuscript, Neumann sowed the seeds of his later works. It provides a window into his original thinking and creative writing regarding the biblical subject of Jacob and Esau and the application of the brother motif to analytical psychology.

Neumann elaborates on the central role of the principle of opposites in the human soul, contrasting Jacob's introversion with Esau's extraversion, the sacred and the profane, the inner and the outer aspects of the God-image, the shadow and its projection, and how the old ethic - expressed, for example, in the expulsion of the scapegoat - perpetuates evil.


Mark Kyburz, co-translator of C. G. Jung's The Red Book, has eloquently rendered Neumann's text into English. Erel Shalit's editing and introduction provide an entrée into Neumann's work on this subject, which will be of interest to a wide range of readers, from lay persons to professionals interested in Jungian psychology and Jewish and religious studies.

Erich Neumann was born in Berlin in 1905. He emigrated to Israel in 1934 and lived in Tel Aviv until his death in 1960. For many years he lectured and played a central role at Eranos, the seminal conference series in analytical psychology. His writings include Depth Psychology and a New Ethic, The Origins and History of Consciousness, and The Great Mother. The correspondence between C.G. Jung and Neumann was published in 2015.

Erel Shalit is a Jungian psychoanalyst in Israel and founding director of the Analytical Psychotherapy Program at Bar Ilan University. He is the author of several books, including The Cycle of Life: Themes and Tales of the Journey, Enemy, Cripple and Beggar, The Complex, and The Hero and His Shadow - available at Amazon, Fisher King Press, and other online book sellers.

Mark Kyburz specializes in scholarly translation from German into English and is the co-translator of C. G. Jung's The Red Book (2009). He lives and works in Zürich, Switzerland.

This unique book can now be ordered from Amazon (hard copy, paperback and kindle), Book Depository, Barnes and Noble, or directly from Chiron.

A wood cut by Jacob Steinhardt.
Copyright Yosefa Bar-On Steinhardt. 

Thursday, January 14, 2016

THE SHADOW AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL – INDIVIDUAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS


6 Sessions Starting January 21, 2016.
Click Here to Register for the Series
$127: 6 Seminars; 1.5 Hours each
$287: 18.0 CEU Package (3.0 CE per seminar)

The Asheville Jung Center is very pleased to announce a Fall webinar series on The Shadow and the Problem of Evil with Murray Stein, Sarah Stein, Erel Shalit, Mary Tomlinson, Henry Abramovitch and Brigitte Egger. Dr. Stein has already taken part in 3 recent webinar series including Jung and Alchemy, The Psychology of Fairy tales, and Jung and the World Religions. This course will consist of 6 webinars discussing several Archetypal Shadow topics including cultural evil, the symbolism of evil, ethics, and projection and the scapegoat. Participants may register for all 6 lectures for one price of $127. Participants joining anytime after the course begins can still register and catch up by watching the recorded version of prior lectures.

The problem of evil infects the individual psyche and the social order. Indeed, it is a fire sweeping across world culture and political arrangements. The reality of evil is indisputable, but there are questions about it: What is it? Where do we locate it? What can we do about it?
“The sight of evil kindles evil in the soul…. The victim is not the only sufferer; everybody in the vicinity of the crime, including the murderer, suffers with him. Something of the abysmal darkness of the world has broken in on us, poisoning the very air we breathe and befouling the water with the stale, nauseating taste of blood.”
—Jung, 1945. After the catastophe. Coll. Works. 10. p. 199
On the collective level, nations take action against perceived evil by building elaborate defense and prison systems. Enormous efforts are made to prevent evil from encroaching on a country’s territory and civil society. When evil breaks out, countries go to war, criminals are jailed, and defensive systems are aroused to their full magnitude. Similarly, when an individual is threatened by evil, psychological defenses are mobilized and actions taken. On an intrapsychic level, this is observed in dreams and fantasies. Evil is perceived as “out there” and must be defended against with laws and by force. But what of the evil within, the evil we do without conscious awareness, the evil we do to ourselves? And, can the perpetrator, inner or outer, be rehabilitated? Is there a therapy for evil?

In this seminar, we will discuss the problem of evil as both relative (a matter of perspective and judgment) and as absolute (beyond dispute, archetypal). What is the difference? This issue comes up in individuals and in society as they make decisions on peace or war.

Within individuals who are in analysis, what does the appearance of evil look like? Analysis aims to develop shadow awareness and integration. We will touch on the question of the meaning of “integration of the shadow” and ask if all parts of the shadow can be integrated. Are there limits? Must some impulses and fantasies be actively, consciously and forcefully suppressed for the sake of integrity and greater wholeness?

In society, we face criminality and the question of the criminal’s rehabilitation. We will raise the question of rehabilitation and its limits. Are all, or some, or no criminals capable of rehabilitation? What is the psychopathic mind and how does it respond to attempts at therapy and rehabilitation? If rehabilitation is a limited possibility, what does this imply for social policy and the criminal justice system? Empirical research and studies will add to the body of the seminar.

The question of ethics is paramount in this discussion. If as individuating personalities we are responsible to the self, who or what is the self responsible to? What is the basis for a moral order in the life of the individual and society? Extending this to world affairs, what about evil in the realm of world politics, warfare, and so-called defense systems? When the archetype of evil takes hold and comes into full power, is a return to sanity possible?

SERIES SEMINAR DATES:
Seminar #1 (January 21, 2016) – “General considerations and introduction” – Jung and Neumann; what is “evil?”; the problem of projection and the scapegoat; the value of evil and the shadow. (Murray Stein).

Seminar #2 (February 18) – “The criminal mind and criminality in society” – States of possession by evil – rebellion, envy, classism, racism, fundamentalism. (with Sarah Stein).

Seminar # 3 (March 17) – “Cultural evil – the quest for dominance” – War, empire-building, tribalisms. (with Erel Shalit).

Seminar #4 (April 14) – “The symbolism of evil” – In religions, myths, fairytales, film, literature, dreams. (with Mary Tomlinson).

Seminar #5 (May 19) – “The responsible self – A dynamic perspective” – Taking evil into account, personal and collective; the problem of ethics. (Murray Stein with Henry Abramovitch).

Seminar #6 (June 9) – “The shadow of humanity written on the planet – Learning from ecological patterns” – Ecological issues on planet earth. (with Briggitte Egger).

READINGS

Erich Neumann, Depth Psychology and the New Ethic
Murray Stein (ed.), Jung on Evil

Marie-Louise von Franz, The Shadow and Evil in Fairytales

PRESENTERS

Murray Stein, Ph.D., is a supervising training analyst and former president of The International School of Analytical Psychology in Zurich, Switzerland (ISAP Zurich). He is the author of Jung’s Treatment of Christianity as well as many other books and articles in the field of Jungian Psychoanalysis. Dr. Stein was also editor of Jung’s Challenge to Contemporary Religion. From 2001 to 2004 he was president of the International Association for Analytical Psychology. He has lectured internationally and presently makes his home in Switzerland.


Sarah Stein, Dr. Sarah L. Stein is currently an assistant professor of criminal justice and forensic science at Western New England University. She is also a cold case and missing person consultant for various law enforcement agencies and families. Dr. Stein received her PhD in criminal justice from the University of Southern Mississippi (2012), her Master’s in forensic science with a concentration in advanced investigation and a certificate in computer forensics from the University of New Haven (2007), and her undergraduate degree from American University (2004); a self-designed major entitled The Victimology of Pedophilia. Dr. Stein has co-authored three texts, two on cold case investigations and one on research methods; she has also published articles and presented at academic conferences to include the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, the American Society of Criminology, and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.

Erel Shalit, Ph.D., is a Jungian psychoanalyst in Tel Aviv, Israel. He is a training and supervising analyst, and past president of the Israel Society of Analytical Psychology (ISAP). He is the author of several publications, including The Hero and His Shadow: Psychopolitical Aspects of Myth and Reality in Israel and The Complex: Path of Transformation from Archetype to Ego.

Mary Tomlinson, M.A., JD, graduated in May 2011 from the International School of Analytical Studies (ISAP) in Zurich, Switzerland, and has established a practice in Toronto where she lives and practices. Mary has degrees in Economics and Law (both a J.D. and a Masters) but she found that her passion led her to Jungian Analysis. Her love of books lead her to write a thesis entitled, What is it about a Mystery? on the detective story and why we are so enthralled with the genre.

Henry Abramovitch, Ph.D., is a Jungian analyst, clinical psychologist, anthropologist and medical educator. He is the founding President of Israel Institute of Jungian Psychotlogy, Past President of the Israel Anthropological Association, as well as Professor in Dept of Medical Education, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, where he has been Director of Behavioral Science in New York/American Program for over 30 years.

Briggitte Egger, Ph.D., is a Jungian training analyst at ISAPZURICH with a private practice as well as an ecologist with a doctorate from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich. She concentrates her research on the psychic and symbolic dimensions of collective issues and works at introducing this dimension into practical environment protection – especially concerning energy and water, further landscape, animals and market globalization – thus building up the field of psych ecology.

- See more at: http://ashevillejungcenter.org/evil/#sthash.8uVXbHZ6.dpuf